Benefits of Delayed Cord Clamping

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Benefits of Delayed Cord Clamping

The following is a student blog post by Hannah Releford

            At birth, a newborn infant has a cord attached to itself which is attached to the placenta which provides oxygen and nutrients to growing infants. Traditionally in hospitals babies are born and the cord is immediately clamped. Sometimes the brand-new father clamps the cord while in other instances the doctors presiding over the birth clamp the cord. Delayed Cord Clamping is a practice in which the umbilical cord is not clamped immediately after birth. Expecting parents have a lot of information at their fingertips and multiple important decisions to make. The placenta is a vital organ which develops during pregnancy and is birthed after the baby is delivered. The following are various benefits of delayed cord clamping.

·      Red Blood Cells- 60% increase

·      Red blood cells are vital to the human body because they transport oxygen throughout the body and remove carbon dioxide from the body.

·      Iron increase

·      Illnesses resulting from iron deficiency can be very serious. Because the placenta provides infants with a greater volume of iron. Infants who have more iron benefit from a lowered risk of anemia and other iron related illnesses.

·      Extra blood

·      Extra Blood provides infants with extra oxygen and nutrients such as protein and vitamin B6. Extra nutrients make the transition from the womb to the world easier.

·      Neurodevelopmental

·      Studies show better neurodevelopment in children who had delayed cord clamping. Neurodevelopment is important to the body because the nervous system is in charge of almost everything inside the body.

·      Stem cells

·      Stem cells are important because of their potential to regenerate and repair damaged tissue. The more stem cells an infant has, the more opportunity there is to repair damaged tissue.

·      Pre-term benefits

·      Delayed cord clamping has been shown to be preventative against intraventricular hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain) and late on-set sepsis (presence of bacteria in a wound). Hemorrhage can be very dangerous because the amount of blood loss can be profuse.

 

Works Cited

Andersson, O, et al. “Effect of Delayed Cord Clamping on Neurodevelopment at 4 Years of Age: A Randomized Clinical Trial.” JAMA Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26010418.

 

Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad. “What Are Stem Cells? Research, Transplant, Therapy, Definition.” MedicineNet, www.medicinenet.com/stem_cells/article.htm.

“Delayed Cord Clamping: What Are the Risks and Benefits?” American Pregnancy Association, 29 July 2017, americanpregnancy.org/labor-and-birth/delayed-cord-clamping-risks-benefits/.

Mercer, Judith S. et al. “Delayed Cord Clamping in Very Preterm Infants Reduces the Incidence of Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Late-Onset Sepsis: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.” Pediatrics 117.4 (2006): 1235–1242. PMC. Web. 2 Mar. 2018.

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